The Islamic Medieval scholars and sages considered the celestial bodies to be essential, partly because the dwellers of desert regions often traveled at night, and relied upon knowledge of the constellations for guidance in their journeys. After the advent of Islam and the development of astrology and astronomy the belief that the heavenly bodies were influential upon terrestrial affairs as well as the human condition took an important part in the Islamic mystical tradition. The science dealing with such influences was termed astrology (Arabic: علم النجوم Ilm an-Nujūm), a discipline contained within the field of astronomy (more broadly known as علم الفلك Ilm al-Falak ‘the science of the formation of the heavens. These studies were rooted in Babylonian, Hellenistic, Persian, Indian, and Arabic traditions, and both were developed by the Arabs following their establishment of a magnificent observatory and library of astronomical and astrological texts at Baghdad in the 8th century.
We present to your attention one rare manuscript with Islamic Astrological talismans, that you can download for free.